(Above photograph shot on the iPhone 5 by Mike Avina)
Eric’s Note: I’m sure many of you are curious about the performance of the iPhone 5’s camera for street photography. Fellow street photographer Mike Avina has spent around a week or two with the iPhone 5, and here are some of his impressions. You can see his past feature on my blog here and follow him on Flickr.
Mike: This is a review of the iPhone 5 as a street photography tool. I am picky about my gear and I am a bit of a minimalist—so I use one old film rangefinder body with a 35mm lens and one digital camera with a prime lens equivalent to 35mm. That said, I have been following the work of several mobile phone street photographers and have been impressed. When Eric asked me to do a review of the iPhone 5 I jumped at the opportunity.
I will cover a few technical details, but if you want the take-away right now I have three main points:
1. There are no perfect cameras—but with the snappy focus, 8-megapixel sensor, and apps like Snapseed, the iPhone 5 provides an adequate and therefore great camera.
2. Having a usable camera at all times allows you to practice seeing and shooting deliberately. Eric has previously posted about the role of practice in photography; the iPhone 5 allows one to constantly and conveniently practice seeing.
3. We are all photographers now. With the decline of print media, some say that photojournalism is dead. The counterpoint is that now with photo sharing websites like Flickr one can see work posted by people on the other side of the world. Some of this work rivals anything published in mainstream media. If you always have a usable camera on your phone there is a higher chance you can participate in and make significant contributions to the collective pool of images.
1. There are No Perfect Cameras
Let me repeat this—there are no perfect cameras. There are a lot of opinions about the best camera. Battle lines have been drawn and charred corpses litter the field of debate. Think your rangefinder is the best tool? What about parallax error? You love that old film SLR? How’s the shutter vibration for you at 1/15 of a second? My point here is that every tool has limits—and inevitable compromises must be made. Because all cameras represent a compromise, if a camera is adequate you should use it and quit worrying about the details as long as you find the particular set of compromises acceptable.
The iPhone 5 has an 8-megapixel sensor and essentially zero shutter lag. You tap on the screen where you want the camera to focus and fire. I have tried several different camera apps but the native camera software works fine. The only real complaint I have with the firmware and design is that one cannot set exposure compensation in the traditional sense.
Some applications such as ProCamera allow separation of the focus and exposure points—but for street photography this may be a little slow. The phone has high enough depth of field that one can simply expose for the brightest part of the photograph and shoot—this is the best work around for the lack of exposure compensation. Add fill light or brightness as necessary in post-processing. I do hope that Apple fixes this and allows traditional exposure adjustment in an iOS update.
Because the iPhone 5 has fast autofocus and basic post-processing on the phone through apps like Snapseed it is a great tool for street photography. Phones aren’t serious tools, you say? Think again. Koci Hernandez makes amazing images with his phone. Alex Majoli won awards with 5 and 8-megapixel digital cameras. Get over it.
2. The iPhone 5 Allows You to Constantly Practice
Eric wrote a great post about the role of practice in street photography. I agree 100%. I also know that practice extends off the street. You can make deliberate photos in your house or yard; it all counts towards the goal of improvement.
I attended a workshop with Eugene Richards this spring—if you aren’t familiar with his work you should take a look; his images have an unparalleled emotional impact. During the workshop he told us “In photography there should be no accidents; there should only be gifts.” What does this mean?
It means you should be fast enough and skilled enough that you are always deliberate. Encountering a great scene or character is a gift because you can’t control what you encounter unless you stage images. If you just happen to get a strong image you didn’t expect that’s an accident. You can control your skill and reflexes through practice so you get what you expect and intend.
Because the iPhone5 has a very high depth of field you have to manage every element in the frame—no using shallow depth of field with an 80mm lens on full-frame to isolate the subject. This is good for you; deliberately practicing placement of everything in the frame will make you stronger. Having an adequate camera and practicing all the time will make you stronger still.
3. We are All Photographers Now
Photojournalism is struggling. The era of in-depth photo essays published in oversized print magazines such as Life is gone forever. World-class photographers are resorting to alternative funding sources like Kickstarter to get the dough to do what they do. The upside is that with the convenience of digital cameras and photo-sharing websites we can share images with people on the other side of the world.
Some of the images on these photo-sharing sites are very strong. The downside is the torrential stream of boring images that get posted every second. Being a photographer is a duty not just a personal exercise in creativity. You can’t always have your full-frame dSLR or film camera ready. With an iPhone 5 you can however take a perfectly usable picture; therefore you have no excuse for missing that great frame you could otherwise share with the world.
Here are some of my own images taken and processed entirely with the iPhone 5—they have only been resized in Adobe LR:
iPhone 5 Street Photographs by Mike Avina
Follow Mike Avina
For those of you who have shot with the iPhone 5, what are your impressions/thoughts about it? Share your feedback and experiences in the comments below!