Five main concepts you need to know about photography composition:
To make stronger photo compositions, you need more dynamism — or dynamic action.
That means make photos that have more energy, vigor, and life.
That means, making photos the opposite of static.
The worse thing you can do in photography is to make boring photos. Your photos need to be dynamic. They need to be ‘edgy.’ They need to stir the hearts of your viewer. You photos need to surprise your viewers, and needs to change their minds.
A strong photo composition has tension. That means, it has your viewer holding their breath– before some action happens.
The way you can create tension in your images: make your viewer feel uncomfortable.
What that means is make photos that are difficult to look at.
That means, make photos where your subject is looking straight into the eyes of your viewer.
That means make photos where your subject is about to enter the frame, or exit the frame. Use the ‘leading lines’ composition in this circumstance.
You want to have the viewer ‘spot the not.’ Which means, find a pattern, then break it.
The reason why this composition works is because it is unpredictable. It breaks the flow. It surprises the viewer, which is exciting for them.
It is like when you’re listening to music– and suddenly the beat shifts. That is what causes you to skip a breath, and feel more engaged.
4. Small thumbnail test
Your photos need to have strong ‘figure to ground‘ to establish contrast between your subject and your background.
Another tip — look at your contact sheets, and ask yourself whether your photos work as small thumbnails.
Also as a tip, start off with high-contrast black and white MONOCHROME.
5. Does it punch you in the gut?
A photo without emotion is dead. You need to evoke emotions in your photos by making your photos personal.
The more personal you make your photos, the more universal your photos will be to humanity.
Take your composition to the next level:
- Center Eye
- Dutch Angle
- Deep Depth
- Leading Lines
- Figure to Ground
- Fibonacci Spiral
- Composition by Eric Kim
Street Photography Composition 101
For distilled lessons on composition, read the free ebook: “The Street Photography Composition Manual.”
Further articles to improve your compositions in photography:
- Composition Lesson #1: Triangles
- Composition Lesson #2: Figure-to-ground
- Composition Lesson #3: Diagonals
- Composition Lesson #4: Leading Lines
- Composition Lesson #5: Depth
- Composition Lesson #6: Framing
- Composition Lesson #7: Perspective
- Composition Lesson #8: Curves
- Composition Lesson #9: Self-Portraits
- Composition Lesson #10: Urban Landscapes
- Composition Lesson #11: “Spot the not”
- Composition Lesson #12: Color Theory
- Composition Lesson #13: Multiple-Subjects
- Composition Lesson #14: Square Format
Learn compositional theory:
- Why is Composition Important?
- Don’t Think About Composition When You’re Shooting Street Photography
- How to Use Negative Space
- Street Photography Composition 101
- The Theory of Composition in Street Photography: 7 Lessons from Henri Cartier-Bresson
Compositional lessons from the masters of art