The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Street Photographers

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(All photographs are used with permission from Junku Nishimura). 

I just finished reading the book: The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business which was a fascinating look into how we build our behaviors and lifestyles through habits. The book argues that the majority of the lives we lead are nothing but a string of routines and habits – and that we could change our lives by changing our habits.

This got me thinking about street photography. The biggest hurdles that I used to be challenged with with my old day-job (and still am struggling with) is finding enough time to shoot street photography. This blog post in reference to the legendary book, “The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People” by Stephen Covey will hopefully help you build better habits to spend more time shooting street photography, and how to get better!

In the book, “The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People“, the book is separated into three chapters:

  1. Independence or Self-Mastery
  2. Interdependence
  3. Self Renewal

The first two chapters include 3 habits each, with the last one including one habit. I will try my best to break it down below!

Interdependence or Self-Mastery

1. Be proactive


To become a better street photographer, you simply cannot sit around expecting to become better. As Malcom Gladwell said in his book, “Outliers” – many of the great masters became great not through talent, but through time and hard work. His theory was that many of the masters in history (Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Yo-Yo Ma, The Beatles, etc) put at least 10,000 hours into their craft.

Although you don’t need to shoot street photography necessarily for 10,000 hours to become great, it is a good baseline to aspire to. (For those of you who are wondering, 10,000 hours is 416.66 days). To break that down, that is 20 hours of work a week for 10 years. That is spending roughly 3 hours everyday taking photographs.

Many of us are busy with day-jobs, families, and other obligations. However I argue that we can reach those mystical 10,000 hours quicker by not only shooting street photography, but learning street photography, reading street photography books, enjoying art, and thinking/writing about street photography.

Practical tip: Instead of surfing the web on random blogs or gear forums while at work, check out Street Reverb Magazine, LPV Magazine, In-Public, Burn My Eye,, Invisible Photographer Asia, Adam Marelli, Dirty Harrry Blog, etc when bored at work. Subscribe to all of them on Google Reader.

More here: The 10 Best street Photography Blogs (and more)

For your convenience I have also made a Google Reader “bundle” where you can subscribe to a bunch of them easily: “My Favorite Street Photography Blogs Google Reader Bundle

2. Begin with the End in Mind


Consider why you shoot street photography. Do you shoot street photography to relieve stress from work? To escape from the craziness of everyday life? To create art? To make new friends? Do you want to become world famous, or just have your photos appreciated online?

Understand why you shoot street photography- and envision what you ultimately want out of street photography- and go full-throttle toward your goal.

  • If your goal is to relieve yourself of stress from work, make it a habit to go out everyday at lunch for at least 30 minutes to go shoot. I would argue it is better to shoot everyday for even 15 minutes and build a daily habit, rather than shooting for 8 hours just one day a week.
  • If your goal is to become an internationally recognized street photographer, work on a meaningful street photography project and try to get your work published online, gallery exhibitions, and approach publishers to possibly do a book.
  • If your goal is to simply make friends, reach out to the street photography community in your area (or start your own street photography community!).

Practical tip: Write your goals down on a piece of paper in terms of what you want out of street photography, and add your “mission statement” in your website “about” section, on your Flickr “about” section, or on Twitter/Facebook.

For example, my mission statement with my street photography is to create images that challenge people to see society in a different way (and inspire them to change it for the better or be aware) as well as spreading the love of street photography as many people in this globe I can.

3.  Put First Things First


Plan, prioritize, and shoot street photography as much as you can. Without prioritizing your street photography, you will never shoot. Trust me, even though I am now a “full-time street photographer” you would be surprised to hear that I honestly spend 90% of my time answering emails, planning workshops, and other logistical things. So don’t tell yourself that just because you have a day-job you can’t shoot street photography.

In my last street photography workshop in London, Charlie Kirk mentioned that sometimes having a day job can be a good thing for your street photography. It helps you prioritize your street photography after work. He said his best street photographs were made when he was still working as a lawyer in Tokyo, when he would go shooting after work at night – to relieve stress.

You will always be busy. Don’t kid yourself when you say to yourself, “I will shoot when I have some free time.” The reality is you will never have time, unless you make the time.

Practical tip: Take a look at your schedule and see when you can plan and block out some time to shoot street photography. If you have a 9-5 job, I prefer lunchtimes. Sure it is nice to spend time with your co-workers at lunch, but if you are serious about your street photography (and ridiculously busy) it is the best time. Whether you have 30 minutes or a full hour, go and shoot around your office.

Is your office in the middle of nowhere? No worries, sometimes the most boring areas can make the best street photographs. Remember the words of Martin Parr, “Find the extraordinary in the ordinary“.


4. Think Win-Win


Understand that you won’t become a better street photographer without the support of other street photographers. Without having a community that helps critique your work, you will never become a better street photographer.

However the key is all about reciprocity. For example, if you want to have other people critique your work, give other people helpful critiques as well. Same idea as “If you scratch my back, I’ll scratch your back”.

The benefit of also critiquing the work of other street photographers is that you will also become a better street photographer as well.

Practical tip: Start small. Find 3 street photographers whose work you really admire (or street photographers you are friends with) and give them constructive critique about their work. I would say that a good critique on the internet shouldn’t be less than 4 sentences. Say what you like about the image (be specific) as well as things that you think could use improvement.

On my personal Flickr, I get hundreds of comments that say simple things like “Nice shot!” or “Beautiful!” or “Sweet!”. Although I appreciate those comments, they don’t stand out to me. Every once in a while someone will leave me a very thoughtful comment and they stand out. I wonder who they are, add them as a contact, and give them meaningful critique back (in a way I feel obliged, but am happy to do so).

5. Seek First to Understand, Then to be Understood


In street photography it is difficult to get your message of your photos to get across to people. It is also difficult to understand how we can make more effective street photographers that touch people on an emotional level.

Always be open to criticism. If people have something to say that you can improve on, don’t make excuses. If you have a hand, somebody’s head, or a random car  that is distracting- don’t make an excuse. It isn’t your fault, but small things can ruin potentially great street photographs. Genuinely listen to what other people have to say, and they will also be open to be interested in what you have to say about their work.

Practical tip: When showing your photographs to other people, tell them what they don’t like about your photographs (after all, you know what you like about your photographs). Ask them where your photographs fail, and ask them to critique you brutally. Only through brutal honesty of your work, can you become a better street photographer. Oh yeah, and don’t make any excuses – and strive more.

6. Synergize

chill con dos gatos
Don’t feel that you have to always do everything alone in street photography. Although it is great to shoot street photography alone, there are also many benefits of shooting in a group (added confidence, a sense of responsibility to go out and shoot, as well as added fun).

Don’t just aim on making yourself a better street photographer, but think about how you can help other street photographers around you. If you know other street photographers who may be less experienced than you, offer them feedback/critique and offer to go shooting with them. As Robert Heinlein once said, “When one teaches, two learn“.

Practical Tip: Think about how you can collaborate with other street photographers. Create an online street photography collective (check out “That’s Life” – an Indian Street Photography collective started by Kaushal Parikh). Create a street photography magazine (check out Radiate Magazine, a fantastic resource created by Stu Egan), or have group street photography exhibitions (like those hosted by Todd Hatakeyama from the Hatakeyama Gallery).

Self Renewal

7. Sharpen the Saw


Although street photography is great, don’t burn yourself out. Stay active by shooting as much as you can and learning about street photography through books, galleries, and via the internet- but make sure to spend enough time with your friends, family, and significant others. You want to keep your street photography skills sharp by practice, but don’t always go so gung-ho.

I spend every waking minute of my day working on my street photography through writing for this blog, being active on Facebook, Twitter, Google+, shooting street photography, reading street photography books, traveling, as well as teaching street photography workshops.

However the problem is that I often get burnt out. After traveling for around a month on the road, it takes a toll on my body physically, emotionally, mentally, and spiritually. I feel at times I am aging faster than Barack Obama.

Practical Tip: Set limits. For example, don’t spend time trolling photography websites after 8pm. Turn off your computer, disconnect, and spend time with your loved ones or family. Don’t always make photography the priority of your life. Remember at times it is good to put away the camera and truly experience life (without always taking photos). If you are going on a date, feel free at times to leave the camera at home.

Photos by Junku Nishimura

All photos by Japanese street photographer, Junku Nishimura. Add him as a contact on Flickr, and support him and his photography by purchasing a print (I’m ordering some as we speak!).

You can email his manager Kanako Yamada at for a price-sheet.

Also see the interview I had with him on the Leica Blog and a documentary of him over at Invisible Photographer Asia.

What are some other habits that you find good for street photographers? Share your thoughts and comments in the comments below! 

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  • taxxman

    For a young buck you tied Covey and a tie to photography in very nicely. The problem I see however that the Covey and others before him are stale and outdated.

    Most leaders and most people are not driven by a step by step how to do something. Most, especially today are driven to deal with what is most urgent. That said, Covey’s priciples provide a nice outline to provoke thought an an understand not to sweat the small stuff but focus on the big such as taking care of your family because the “shit” will be there the next day. I spent years fretting about the “big” but now later in life have come to the conclusion that family and friends alike are much more important! Thanks for your insight!

  • Andre Luis Alvarenga

    Hi Erick, I follow your blog, quite interesting though, but your text need to be less repetitive, and one recommendation is to not write the phrase “street photography” all the time, we know what your blog is about it, but just on this post you wrote “street photography” more than 50 times, it makes your text unintelligible some times. Besides my considerations, I like the subjects you write, but dont be so repetitive with the word “STREET PHOTOGRAPHY”.
    Cheers from Brazil.

    • SEO

      Don’t think his constant repetition of certain words is by accident or a habit, he clearly writes his posts with SEO in mind. He’s using important keywords like “STREET PHOTOGRAPHY” over and over again so it will show up higher on search engines and gain him more exposure, popularity and money. The same reason he loves “Top 10…” types of posts.

  • Mike Avina

    I totally agree with the project-based approach. Size up a project, and put in six months of regular shooting in your spare time. Look at what you have, put in another six months. Then edit down. A lot. Another solid article!

  • Pabloporlan

    Good post! I find your post inspiring and would say we could apply your principles to photography in general. I agree with Andre Luis Alvarenga the repetition of “Street photography” makes it less reader-friendly but in any case your article throw some good thoughts about the difficult task of making real one’s dream (in this case becoming a photographer).

    My 50 cents: #8 Feed your soul with a varied diet: Not just doing, talking, thinking about or reading about street photography will help you out to achieve your goals. Most probably if you give also a look outside your most important goal and enlarge your knowledge and sensibility through the reading of interesting books (fictional or non fictional), going to concerts or exhibitions (about photography or anything else calling your attention)… in short keeping your senses open to the world outside you will give you new inputs to put on your work.
    Feeding ourselves just with street photography may be a poor soul diet as it will keep us where others have been before, bringing to photography what we have been “eating” outside will make it a richer experience. It will give our way of seeing a more varied point of view.

    Thanks for your article!

  • georg

    Great advice to do it right. I especially like this one …. having a day job can be a good thing for your street photography. It helps you prioritize your street photography …. ;-)

  • Brett Higham

    Great article Eric. I definitely enjoy the articles you post on here. Between your site and Adam’s I’m very impressed with the quality of your articles. Keep it up. Write more! Can’t wait to see more of your work.

    Wish I could get you to visit Indianapolis… Take care man and keep it up!

    • Eric Kim

      Cheers Brett! Adam is the one who inspired me to write better articles- his are like mini books!

  • Mr Ulster

    Eric, this post is awesome. Thank you very much for taking the time and consideration in your writing. I especially appreciate your shortlist of others’ blogs to follow (2. Begin with the End in Mind). You are a street photographer guru!

    • Eric Kim

      Cheers man- and I’m no guru, I just share the information I learn!

  • Chris Fabbri

    Thanks Eric, and congrats to Junku, pure inspiration.
    Chris Fabbri /
    Greetings from Brazil

  • Marta Martins

    Im a brazilian recent adicctive street photographer and today I found this place. Im glad to read lots of tips here, thanks Erik. as I really love to shoot people on the street. Sometimes, Im trying to be “invisible”, but in other moments, I feel the need of interact straight with people, ask them for the picture or best, pretend Im asking when actaually the prtrait was already done. and in these ocasions, I take the best portraits. I would love to hear an advice.

  • Whatisthischico

    I dont understand why you think ‘street photography’ can be taught. For someone to attend a street workshop to learn how to take photos, to me seems pointless. I thought the art of street photography was to observe and document in your own personal way. You make it seem like a job. And not a passion. I respect the work you do and your photos are very perceptive. But I dont think you can teach the creative elements of photography.

  • Charlene

    I’m one of those people that works in an office during the day and shoots at night, and as well as on public transport. It’s heartening to hear that others make good work while doing their day job (I know, factually, there’s nothing stopping this from happening, it’s just mentally uplifting to hear about people that do). There are days I leave my day job with every notion of creativity/willingness to live so squashed from me, it’s all I can do to shoot 100% crap for a couple of hours, nevermind come up with inspiring images.

    Good bunch of tips here. I’ve been walking and shooting for many years now, but have never considered myself a street photographer, or that anything I’ve shot would be considered street photography. Found your blog/twitter feed some time ago and I’ve been reading up on your posts a bit. Especially love this one and the post about projects. Thanks for sharing so much of your work!

  • Paul

    Brilliant post Eric. Im a budding street photographer, and will be venturing in my first Melbourne photo walk tomorrow. I hop to learn a lot more taking the advice you have given above as a starting point.


    • Eric Kim

      Cheers- good luck Paul! :)

  • KSP

    Dear Eric. I had been following your blog every once in a while. Getting tips from you and your collaborators were very helpful. I cannot think of me without a camera everyday. And I’m fortunate that I could control my hours of shooting during the week. I also learned about myself and my photography through blogging. I know I’m always hungry for photography but I know there’s also something called appetite – aka the limit. It really depends on the mood of the day. You’re right about being “burnt out”. We just can’t overload ourselves..It’s not pleasant.

    I think being able to do a photo essay or two on my blog helped me to understand how to present my photos. Being able to present helps viewers to engage. I think I’m on the right track to show the world how I view my home – Hong Kong. Thanks to you and your community! You may look me up by searching: alanala

    It’s my first time posting comment here ;)  Thanks and take care! 

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  • Gian James Gamones Maagad

    Among the tips from your blog, this is one of the interesting and essential article I have read. I’m looking forward to reading more of your blogs and of course, shoot more from what I’ve learned from the blogs. What I like most about this one is about the critiquing part. I guess I have to do that more often. Also, I’m looking forward to see you on your workshop in Manila.

  • d_horton

    and, I vow now to always take the time to comment on your entries when I read them. a great and well thought-out article. I particularly appreciate how you emphasize the importance of balancing life, loved ones, and friends with our obsessions.

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